Medical Spanish curriculum & course materials

  1. Cesari WA, Brescia WF, Harricharan Singh K, et al. Medical Spanish. MedEdPORTAL Publications. May 8, 2012.
  2. Cowden, John D., Darcy A. Thompson, Jennifer Ellzey, and Michael Artman. (2012). “Getting Past Getting By: Training Culturally and Linguistically Competent Physicians.” The Journal of Pediatrics 160.6: 891–92.
  3. Dawson AL, Patti B. Spanish Acquisition Begets Enhanced Service (S.A.B.E.S.): A beginning-level medical Spanish curriculum. MedEdPORTAL Publications. December 7, 2011.
  4. Diamond, L.C., Jacobs, E.A. Let’s Not Contribute to Disparities: The Best Methods for Teaching Clinicians How to Overcome Language Barriers to Health Care. J Gen Intern Med. 2010 May;25 Suppl 2: S189-93. doi: 10.1007/s11606-009-1201-8. PMID: 20352518; PMCID: PMC2847098.
  5. Díaz-Rubio E. Suplemento Monográfico, Actualidad de la Real Academia Nacional de Medicina de España: Diccionario Panhispánico de Términos Médicos y Foro Español Médico en Harvard (10 suppl). Madrid, Spain: Real Academia Nacional de Medicina; 2017.
  6. Diccionario panhispánico de términos médicos.
  7. Ghaddar S, Ronnau J, Saladin SP, Martínez G. Innovative Approaches to Promote a Culturally Competent, Diverse Health Care Workforce in an Institution Serving Hispanic Students. Acad Med. 2013;88(12): 1870-6.
  8. Hardin K. Targeting Oral and Cultural Proficiency for Medical Personnel: An Examination of Current Medical Spanish Textbooks. Hispania 95.4 (2012): 698–713.
  9. Hardin KJ, Hardin DM.  Medical Spanish programs in the United States: a critical review of published studies and a proposal of best practices. Teach Learn Med. 2013;25(4):306-11.
  10.  Jacobs, E.A., Diamond, L.C., Stevak, L. The Importance of Teaching Clinicians When and How to Work with Interpreters. Patient Educ Counts. 2010 Feb;78(2):149-53. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2009.12.001. Epub 2009 Dec 29. PMID:20036480
  11. Maben, Kevin and Allison Dobbie. (2005). “Current Practices in Medical Spanish Teaching in US Medical Schools.” Family Medicine 37.9: 613–14.
  12. Manetta, Alberto, Frances Stephens, José Rea, and Charles Vega. (2007). “Addressing Health Care Needs of the Latino Community: One Medical School’s Approach.” Academic Medicine 82.12: 1145–51
  13. Morales R, Rodríguez L, Singh A, et al. National survey of medical Spanish curriculum in U.S. medical schools. J Gen Int Med 2015;30(10): 434-439.
  14. O’Rourke K, Gruener G, Quinones D, Stratta E, Howell J. Spanish bilingual medical student certification. MedEdPORTAL Publications. April 24, 2013.
  15. Ortega P, Park YS, Girotti JA. Evaluation of a Medical Spanish Elective for Senior Medical Students: Improving Outcomes through OSCE Assessments. Med Sci Educ. 2017;27(2):329-337. 
  16. Ortega P, Pérez N, Turmelle Y, Robles B, Acosta D. Teaching Medical Spanish to Improve Population Health. AAMC-CDC Diversity 360 Webinar, 2018. (
  17. Ortega P. Spanish and the Medical Interview: A Textbook for Clinically Relevant Medical Spanish, 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA, Elsevier. 2015
  18. Pérez N. Student Acceptance of Clinical Conversational Spanish in Medical Curriculum. Cogent Medicine. 2018 May; 5: 1475691
  19. Rampal A, Wang C, Kalisvaart J. Pediatric medical Spanish vignettes. MedEdPORTAL Publications. July 29, 2009.
  20. Reuland DS, Frasier PY, Slatt LM, Alemán MA. A longitudinal medical Spanish program at one US medical school. J Gen Intern Med. 2008 Jul;23(7):1033-7.
  21. Reuland, Daniel S., Lisa M. Slatt, Marco A. Alemán, Alicia Fernández, and Darren DeWalt. (2012). “Effect of Spanish Language Immersion Rotations on Medical Student Spanish Fluency.” Family Medicine 44.2: 110–16.
  22. Chang, K.E., Lewis, J. & Lopez Vera, A. A comprehensive medical Spanish curriculum model: the Vida Medical Spanish Curriculum. BMC Med Educ 23, 488 (2023).